JEFSPA Sustainable Technologies

The time has come to recognize the false promise of the green revolution or the “Masagana 99” and for the government to support the real revolution in farming that meets the needs of the local communities and the environment, restores the land and enable the poor to combat hunger, displacement and depletion of our resources and culture. There is a little way that exists that shares sustainable production and consumption, the JEFSPA way!

Bio-Intensive Gardening

Bio-intensive gardening is a modern form of organic gardening that focuses on rebuilding and maintaining soil fertility through nutrient cycling. It is a usable technique, which aims at diversified cropping and bed preparation on small plots of land with maximum yield. It involves harvesting a diverse range of crop varieties that are less susceptible to pest outbreaks. This process has financial gains, preserves indigenous seed varieties and has a good crop sales value.

Beneficial Insects 101

Beneficial insects are any of a number of species of insects that perform valued services like pollination and pest control. The concept of beneficial is subjective and only arises in light of desired outcomes from a human perspective. In farming and agriculture, where the goal is to raise selected crops, insects that hinder the production process are classified as pests, while insects that assist production are considered beneficial. In horticulture and gardening; pest control, habitat integration, and ‘natural vitality’ aesthetics are the desired outcome with beneficial insects.

Mr. Benito and His Venture in Organic Agriculture

Mr. Benito Santos started as a conventional farmer in 1995. But after attending seminars and symposia on organic agriculture, he decided to apply the cultural practices he learned from CLORFA and MASIPAG. In 2007, he gradually converted his farm to organic agriculture from 30:70 (30% organic: 70% conventional); 40:60; 50:50; 75:25 until he reached 100% full organic conversion in 2013. His motivation in shifting to organic agriculture is to provide safe and healthy food for his family. He believes that synthetic chemical farming is harmful to the environment.

Rice-Duck Farming

To create a robust agricultural industry that will sustain plentiful, nutritious and affordable food for the next generations to come, one of the local solutions are ducks. The integrated rice-duck farming system (IRDFS) is about growing rice and ducks together in an irrigated paddy field. The paddling movement of the ducks stimulates the rice plants to produce more grains, while the duck manure fertilizes the soil and eventually eliminates the need for any form of fertilizer.The ducks also eat harmful insects and weeds, including the dreaded golden apple snail (kuhol), which is their favorite snack.

Organic Agriculture: Consumer and Family Welfare First Before Profit

Nong Olong was an on and off family driver and a rice mill worker/operator before he became a full time farmer in 2008. His primary reason in adopting organic agriculture is to provide safe food for his family and for other people. He decided to go into organic agriculture after attending training on organic vegetable production at their Municipal Agriculture Office. Armed with the new learnings he had acquired, he utilized his tenanted 0.5 hectare land into an integrated and diversified farm which used to be a conventional farm using agrochemicals that was supplied by the landowner. In the initial stage of the conversion process, Nong Olong experienced financial losses due to the significant decrease in yield. But that experience did not deter him to continue organic farming because he believes that in the long run the soil will be in good condition again.